Hybrid CPU-GPU implementation of the transformed spatial domain channel estimation algorithm for mmWave MIMO systems Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2023

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0920-8542

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-0484


  • Hybrid platforms combining multicore central processing units (CPU) with many-core hardware accelerators such as graphic processing units (GPU) can be smartly exploited to provide efficient parallel implementations of wireless communication algorithms for Fifth Generation (5G) and beyond systems. Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems are a key element of the 5G standard, involving several tens or hundreds of antenna elements for communication. Such a high number of antennas has a direct impact on the computational complexity of some MIMO signal processing algorithms. In this work, we focus on the channel estimation stage. In particular, we develop a parallel implementation of a recently proposed MIMO channel estimation algorithm. Its performance in terms of execution time is evaluated both in a multicore CPU and in a GPU. The results show that some computation blocks of the algorithm are more suitable for multicore implementation, whereas other parts are more efficiently implemented in the GPU, indicating that a hybrid CPU-GPU implementation would achieve the best performance in practical applications based on the tested platform.


  • Electronics


  • graphic processing units; multicore cpu; mimo communication systems; channel estimation