Fitting the porosity of carbon xerogel by CO2 activation to improve the TMP/n-octane separation Articles uri icon

authors

  • VIVO VILCHES, JOSE FRANCISCO
  • Carrasco-Marín, F.
  • Pérez-Cadenas, A.F.
  • Maldonado-Hódar, F.J.

publication date

  • January 2015

start page

  • 10

end page

  • 17

volume

  • 209

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1387-1811

abstract

  • Acid catalyzed synthesis of resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels ends up (after carbonization) into microporous carbon materials with potential use as Carbon Molecular Sieves (CMS). CO2 activation was performed in order to modify the microporosity of the carbon xerogel. As separation of linear and branched paraffins presents an industrial relevance, 2,2¿,4-trymethylpentane (TMP) and n-octane dynamic adsorption was tested in order to relate textural properties of different samples with their adsorptive behaviour. Since TMP (ramified) is bulkier than n-octane (linear), carbon xerogels with slim micropores (with low activation degree) were unable to retain this compound. Increasing the burn-off degree, adsorption of TMP is favoured by the pore width increase, but simultaneously, n-octane adsorption also increased by the development of the micropore volume. So that, competitive adsorption experiment were carried out in order to analyze the separation performance of our samples. As expected, the smaller the micropore size, the better the separation results. Therefore, a compromise is needed in order to optimize the CMS or adsorptive behaviour. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

keywords

  • carbon xerogel dynamic adsorption gas separation hydrocarbon microporosity adsorption carbon dioxide carbon inorganic compounds carbonization chemical activation hydrocarbons microporosity microporous materials molecular sieves separation synthesis (chemical) thermomechanical pulping process xerogels carbon molecular sieve carbon xerogels competitive adsorption dynamic adsorption gas separations micro-porous carbons resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels separation performance carbon