Performance assessment of low temperature solar collector with Fullerenes C60 in an emerging country Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2022

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 19


  • 6, 3161


  • 12

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2076-3417


  • In this work, the performance of a low-temperature solar collector (LTSC) is evaluated, using carbon nanoparticles in water as working fluid. The nanoparticles used are crystallized fullerenes, with a red parameter of 1.42 nm ± 0.5 nm, with different volume fractions in water. The thickness of the carbon film was approximately 140 to 520 nm. The study is divided into three parts: modeling and simulation of an LTSC, low-cost production and characterization of nanoparticles, and thermal evaluation of the LTSC. For the study, fullerenes were produced by microwave synthesis from a terpenoid resin (Camphor) and the nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and High-Resolution Transmission (HRTEM). Tests were carried out with different volumetric flow rates, 0.0111 LT/s, 0.0166 LT/s and 0.0194 L/s, and two volumetric concentrations, 0.035% and 0.063%. The results obtained from the fullerene nanofluid showed an improvement in the thermophysical properties compared to the properties of water. The performance results showed that the efficiency increases up to 47.2% compared to that of water, with a volume fraction of 0.063%, and a flow rate of 0.0194 LT/s


  • Electronics
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Materials science and engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics


  • fullerene nanofluid; low-temperature solar collector; thin films of fullerene; thermophysical properties