Fabrication and Characterization of Bioactive Gelatin-Alginate-Bioactive Glass Composite Coatings on Porous Titanium Substrates Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2022

start page

  • 15008

end page

  • 15020

issue

  • 13

volume

  • 14

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1944-8244

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1944-8252

abstract

  • In this research work, the fabrication of biphasic composite implants has been investigated. Porous, commercially vailable pure Ti (50 vol % porosity and pore distributions of 100-200, 250-355, and 355-500 μm) has been used as a cortical bone replacement, while different composites based on a polymer blend (gelatin and alginate) and bioactive glass (BG) 45S5 have been applied as a soft layer for cartilage tissues. The microstructure, degradation rates, biofunctionality, and wear behavior of the different composites were analyzed to find the best possible coating. Experiments demonstrated the best micromechanical balance for the substrate containing 200-355 μm size range distribution. In addition, although the coating prepared from alginate presented a lower mass loss, the composite containing 50% alginate and 50% gelatin showed a higher elastic recovery, which entails that this type of coating could replicate the functions of the soft tissue in areas of the joints. Therefore, results revealed that the combinations of porous commercially pure Ti and composites prepared from alginate/gelatin/45S5 BG are candidates for the fabrication of biphasic implants not only for the treatment of osteochondral defects but also potentially for any other diseases affecting simultaneously hard and soft tissues.

keywords

  • porous titanium; biopolymer composites; tribomechanical behavior; osteochondral defects; bioactive coating