Spontaneous or programmatic? land occupations during spain's second republic (1931-1936) Articles
- Revista de Historia Economica Journal
- December 2021
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- This paper studies the spatial deployment of temporary settlements in Extremadura in 1932-1933 and 1936. The literature has stressed the role of bottom-up forces driving settlements in 1933 and 1936, perhaps making land reform in Extremadura an interesting case study of local collective action-driving policy implementation in a developing economy. Contrary to this view, we argue that there was an equal or more important role of the top-down, programmatic design of land occupations, which explains a large share of the spatial and temporal variation of expropriations and settlements.
- agrarian economies; conflict; land reform; property rights; public policy; re-distribution; revolution