Spontaneous or programmatic? land occupations during spain's second republic (1931-1936) Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2021

start page

  • 391

end page

  • 426


  • 3


  • 39

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0212-6109

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-3335


  • This paper studies the spatial deployment of temporary settlements in Extremadura in 1932-1933 and 1936. The literature has stressed the role of bottom-up forces driving settlements in 1933 and 1936, perhaps making land reform in Extremadura an interesting case study of local collective action-driving policy implementation in a developing economy. Contrary to this view, we argue that there was an equal or more important role of the top-down, programmatic design of land occupations, which explains a large share of the spatial and temporal variation of expropriations and settlements.


  • Sociology


  • agrarian economies; conflict; land reform; property rights; public policy; re-distribution; revolution