A bayesian-deep learning model for estimating covid-19 evolution in Spain Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 18

issue

  • 22

volume

  • 9

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2227-7390

abstract

  • This work proposes a semi-parametric approach to estimate the evolution of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) in Spain. Considering the sequences of 14-day cumulative incidence of all Spanish regions, it combines modern Deep Learning (DL) techniques for analyzing sequences with the usual Bayesian Poisson-Gamma model for counts. The DL model provides a suitable description of the observed time series of counts, but it cannot give a reliable uncertainty quantification. The role of expert elicitation of the expected number of counts and its reliability is DL predictions' role in the proposed modelling approach. Finally, the posterior predictive distribution of counts is obtained in a standard Bayesian analysis using the well known Poisson-Gamma model. The model allows to predict the future evolution of the sequences on all regions or estimates the consequences of eventual scenarios.

keywords

  • applied bayesian methods; covid-19; deep learning; lstm; multivariate time series; sars-cov-2