Past, present and future of the Spanish labour market: when the pandemic meets the megatrends
DOLADO LOBREGAD, JUAN JOSE
Applied Economic Analysis
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This paper aims to review the experience so far of the Spanish labour market during the Covid-19 crisis in the light of the existing institutions, its performance during past recessions and the policy measures adopted during the pandemic. Emphasis is placed on the role of worldwide trends in labour markets because of automation and artificial intelligence, in shaping a potential recovery of this (hopefully) transitory shock through a big reallocation process of employment and economic activity. It also highlights some innovations to employment and social policies needed to smooth the reallocation process and lessen the rise in inequality associated to technological trends. Design/methodology/approach: Theory and empirics. Findings: The Spanish labour market will subject to a great reallocation shock as a result of Covid-19 and secular technological changes. Reforms need to be undertaken. Originality/value: An overview and some new results. © 2020, Juan J. Dolado, Florentino Felgueroso and Juan F. Jimeno.
labourmarket; automation; epidemic; flows; labour market flows