The long-lasting effects of family and childhood on adult wellbeing: Evidence from British cohort data Articles uri icon

authors

  • LEKFUANGFU, NUARPEAR
  • Fl├Ęche, Sarah
  • Clark, Andrew E.

publication date

  • January 2021

start page

  • 290

end page

  • 311

volume

  • 181

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-2681

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1751

abstract

  • To what extent do childhood experiences continue to affect adult wellbeing over the life course? Previous work on this link has been carried out either at one particular adult age or for some average over adulthood. We here use two British birth-cohort datasets (the 1958 NCDS and the 1970 BCS) to map out the time profile of the effect of childhood experiences on adult outcomes, including life satisfaction. We find that the effects of many aspects of childhood do not fade away over time but are rather remarkably stable. In both birth-cohorts, child non-cognitive skills are the strongest predictors of adult life satisfaction at all ages. Of these, emotional health is the strongest. Childhood cognitive performance is more important than good conduct in explaining adult life satisfaction in the earlier NCDS cohort, whereas this ranking is inverted in the more recent BCS.

subjects

  • Economics

keywords

  • life satisfaction; cohort data; childhood, adult outcomes