Reshaping Thailand's labor market: The intertwined forces of technological advancements and shifting supply chains Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 20


  • 105561


  • 102

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0264-9993

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6122


  • Two major forces, namely rapid advancements in technology and changes in global supply chains, can independently affect how labor markets operate. Little is known about the impact of these intertwined forces in combination. This study extends Frey and Osborne's (2017) machine learning approach that explores this issue. We incorporate the features that make certain jobs difficult or impossible to perform using offshore labor markets as well as local experts' opinions to estimate domestic employment risk for each occupation. We apply our models to Thailand - a major destination for outsourced operations with ongoing technological restructuring. Our results reveal that clerical jobs face the highest risk. However, as most workers are employed in the skilled agricultural and service sectors, these occupations stand to suffer most in terms of the number of job losses. Under the assumption of no voluntary adjustments (i.e., the worst-case scenario), more than half of existing jobs could be at risk. Our approach offers a useful tool for countries facing similar structural changes to identify employment risk and develop appropriate mitigation strategies.


  • Economics


  • employment; skills; technology; global supply chains; thailand