Low-complexity power allocation in pilot-pouring superimposed training over CB-FMT Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2021

start page

  • 13010

end page

  • 13021

issue

  • 12

volume

  • 70

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9545

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-9359

abstract

  • Pilot-pouring superimposed training (PPST) is a novel channel estimation technique specially designed for cyclic block filtered multi-tone (CB-FMT), where the pilot symbols are poured into the subcarriers taking advantage of the power left unused by the data symbols. Hence, since this technique is based on superimposed training (ST) principles, the data rate is not reduced, unlike the pilot symbol assisted modulation (PSAM). Besides, it exploits a weighted average at the receiver side that is capable of minimizing the mean squared error (MSE) of the channel estimation, and then enhancing the performance of the system. However, the existing proposal on PPST is limited to the minimization of the MSE to improve channel estimation for a given power allocation factor, without solving the joint optimization of channel estimation and data detection procedures. With this aim, this work addresses the whole problem to reach the best performance for both tasks, thus taking into account also the power allocation factor in the opt where the pilot symbols are poured into the subcarriers taking advantage of the power left unused by the data symbols. Hence, since this technique is based on superimposed training (ST) principles, the data rate is not reduced, unlike the pilot symbol assisted modulation (PSAM). Besides, it exploits a weighted average at the receiver side that is capable of minimizing the mean squared error (MSE) of the channel estimation, and then enhancing the performance of the system. However, the existing proposal on PPST is limited to the minimization of the MSE to improve channel estimation for a given power allocation factor, without solving the joint optimization of channel estimation and data detection procedures. With this aim, this work addresses the whole problem to reach the best performance for both tasks, thus taking into account also the power allocation factor in the optimization process, where the spectral efficiency must be maximized through the signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR). Two optimization approaches are proposed, where the first one, referred as pilot-pouring optimization (PPO), is focused on performance at the expense of a high complexity, while the second one, denoted as low-complexity PPO (LPPO), is able to trade-off between performance and execution time. Numerical results are provided in order to show the validity of our proposal, where the different optimization problems are compared in terms of SINR and execution time.

keywords

  • 5g; fmt; channel estimation; multicarrier modulation; superimposed training; pilot-pouring