Hydrogen bonds in blends of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(n-ethylacrylamide) homopolymers, and carboxymethyl cellulose Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 15

issue

  • 9

volume

  • 5

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2504-477X

abstract

  • Recently, it was reported that the physical crosslinking exhibited by some biopolymers could provide multiple benefits to biomedical applications. In particular, grafting thermoresponsive polymers onto biopolymers may enhance the degradability or offer other features, as thermothickening behavior. Thus, different interactions will affect the different hydrogen bonds and interactions from the physical crosslinking of carboxymethyl cellulose, the lower critical solution temperatures (LCSTs), and the presence of the ions. This work focuses on the study of blends composed of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(N-ethylacrylamide), and carboxymethyl cellulose in water and water/methanol. The molecular features, thermoresponsive behavior, and gelation phenomena are deeply studied. The ratio defined by both homopolymers will alter the final properties and the gelation of the final structures, showing that the presence of the hydrophilic groups modifies the number and contributions of the diverse hydrogen bonds.

keywords

  • cononsolvency phenomenon; hydrogen bonds; lower critical solution temperature; physical crosslinking