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Using the recently developed groupoidal description of Schwinger's picture of Quantum Mechanics, a new approach to Dirac's fundamental question on the role of the Lagrangian in Quantum Mechanics is provided. It is shown that a function on the groupoid of configurations (or kinematical groupoid) of a quantum system determines a state on the von Neumann algebra of the histories of the system. This function, which we call q-Lagrangian, can be described in terms of a new function on the Lie algebroid of the theory. When the kinematical groupoid is the pair groupoid of a smooth manifold M, the quadratic expansion of will reproduce the standard Lagrangians on TM used to describe the classical dynamics of particles.
classical limit of quantum mechanics; lagrangian in quantum mechanics; lie groupoids and lie algebroids