Dating Violence Victimization among Adolescents in Europe: Baseline Results from the Lights4Violence Project Articles uri icon

authors

  • Vives Cases, Carmen
  • Sanz Barbero, Belen
  • AYALA GARCIA, ALBA
  • Perez Martinez, Vanesa
  • Sanchez Sansegundo, Miriam
  • Jaskulska, Sylwia
  • Antunes Das Neves, Ana Sofia
  • Forjaz, Maria João
  • Pyzalski, Jacek
  • Bowes, Nic
  • Costa, Dalia
  • Waszynska, Katarzyna
  • Jankowiak, Barbara
  • Mocanu, Veronica
  • Davo Blanes, Maria Carmen

publication date

  • February 2021

start page

  • 1414

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 18

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1660-4601

abstract

  • Dating violence (DV) among adolescents is a public health issue because of its negative health consequences. In this study, we aimed to analyse the prevalence and the psychosocial and socioeconomic risk and protective factors associated DV among male and female adolescents in Eu-rope. It was performed a cross-sectional study based on a non-probabilistic sample of 1555 students aged 13¿ years (2018¿19). The global prevalence of DV victimization was significantly greater among girls than boys (girls: 34.1%, boys: 26.7%; p = 0.012). The prevalence of DV in both girls and boys was greater for those over age 15 (girls: 48.5% p less than 0.001; boys: 35.9%; p = 0.019). There was an increased likelihood of DV victimization among girls whose fathers did not have paid employment (p = 0.024), who suffered abuse in childhood, and reported higher Benevolent Sexism [PR (CI 95%): 1.01 (1.00¿03)] and machismo [1.02 (1.00¿05)]. In the case of boys, the likelihood of DV increased with abuse in childhood (p = 0.018), lower parental support [0.97 (0.96¿99)], high hostile sexism scores (p = 0.019), lower acceptance of violence (p = 0.009) and high machismo (p less than 0.001). Abuse in childhood was shown to be the main factor associated with being a victim of DV in both population groups, as well as sexism and machismo attitudes. These results may contribute to future DV prevention school programs for both, teenagers and children of elementary school ages.

subjects

  • Medicine
  • Statistics

keywords

  • acceptance of violence; adolescents; dating violence; machismo; risk factors; sexism