Singular Integral Formulations for Electrodynamic Analysis of Metamaterial-Inspired Antenna Array Articles uri icon


  • Virdee, B.S.
  • Aïssa, S.
  • See, C.H.
  • Althuwayb, A.A.
  • Abd-Alhameed, R.A.
  • Huynen, I.
  • Falcone, F.
  • Limiti, E.

publication date

  • January 2021

start page

  • 179

end page

  • 183


  • 2


  • 20

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1536-1225

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1548-5757


  • In this letter, a set of singular integral formulations are derived to calculate the surface impedance matrix on the antenna array elements. The proposed mathematical model enables electrodynamic analysis of antenna arrays designed using metamaterial-inspired structures. The formulations allow the determination of the array's impedance, spatial, and polarization characteristics at significantly low computational cost compared to conventional electromagnetic (EM) solvers based on method-of-moments (MoM) numerical technique. The accuracy of the surface impedance results obtained from the theoretical formulations is verified using the full-wave EM software. It is shown that there is excellent agreement between the proposed formulations and EM software. The accuracy of the theoretical model presented is valid for single-layer structures. © 2002-2011 IEEE.


  • antenna array electrodynamic analysis electromagnetic (em) simulation metamaterial (mtm) singular integral formulation computational electromagnetics electric impedance electrodynamics metamaterial antennas metamaterials method of moments numerical methods antenna array elements electromagnetic solvers metamaterial-inspired antennas method of moments (mom) polarization characteristics single-layer structure surface impedance matrix theoretical formulation antenna arrays