A Comprehensive Survey of 'Metamaterial Transmission-Line Based Antennas: Design, Challenges, and Applications' Articles uri icon


  • Virdee, B.S.
  • Azpilicueta, L.
  • Naser-Moghadasi, M.
  • See, C.H.
  • Akinsolu, M.O.
  • Liu, B.
  • Abd-Alhameed, R.A.
  • Falcone, F.
  • Huynen, I.
  • Denidni, T.A.
  • Limiti, E.

publication date

  • August 2020

start page

  • 144778

end page

  • 144808


  • 8

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2169-3536


  • In this review paper, a comprehensive study on the concept, theory, and applications of composite right/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs) by considering their use in antenna system designs have been provided. It is shown that CRLH-TLs with negative permittivity (< 0) and negative permeability (¿ < 0) have unique properties that do not occur naturally. Therefore, they are referred to as artificial structures called 'metamaterials'. These artificial structures include series left-handed (LH) capacitances (CL), shunt LH inductances (LL), series right-handed (RH) inductances (LR), and shunt RH capacitances (CR) that are realized by slots or interdigital capacitors, stubs or via-holes, unwanted current flowing on the surface, and gap distance between the surface and ground-plane, respectively. In the most cases, it is also shown that structures based on CRLH metamaterial-TLs are superior than their conventional alternatives, since they have smaller dimensions, lower-profile, wider bandwidth, better radiation patterns, higher gain and efficiency, which make them easier and more cost-effective to manufacture and mass produce. Hence, a broad range of metamaterial-based design possibilities are introduced to highlight the improvement of the performance parameters that are rare and not often discussed in available literature. Therefore, this survey provides a wide overview of key early-stage concepts of metematerial-based designs as a thorough reference for specialist antennas and microwave circuits designers. To analyze the critical features of metamaterial theory and concept, several examples are used. Comparisons on the basis of physical size, bandwidth, materials, gain, efficiency, and radiation patterns are made for all the examples that are based on CRLH metamaterial-TLs. As revealed in all the metematerial design examples, foot-print area decrement is an important issue of study that have a strong impact for the enlargement of the next generation wireless communication systems. © 2013 IEEE.


  • antennas artificial structures composite right/left-handed transmission lines (crlh-tls) high performances metamaterials (mtms) negative permeability (¿ < 0) negative permittivity (¿ < 0) next generation wireless communication systems antenna grounds bandwidth capacitance cost effectiveness efficiency electric lines inductance metamaterial antennas metamaterials microwave circuits seebeck effect surveys artificial structures composite right/left-handed transmission lines inter-digital capacitors metamaterial transmission lines negative permeability negative permittivity next-generation wireless communications performance parameters directional patterns (antenna)