Surface Wave Reduction in Antenna Arrays Using Metasurface Inclusion for MIMO and SAR Systems Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2019

start page

  • 1067

end page

  • 1075


  • 11


  • 54

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0048-6604


  • An effective method is presented for suppressing mutual coupling between adjacent radiating elements which is based on metasurface isolation for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems. This is achieved by choking surface current waves induced over the patch antenna by inserting a cross-shaped metasurface structure between the radiating elements. Each arm of the cross-shaped structure constituting the metasurface is etched with meander line slot. Effectiveness of the metasurface is demonstrated for a 2 × 2 antenna array that operates over six frequency subbands in X, Ku, and K bands. With the proposed technique, the maximum improvement achieved in attenuating mutual coupling between neighboring antennas is 8.5 dB (8¿8.4 GHz), 28 dB (9.6¿10.8 GHz), 27 dB (11.7¿12.6 GHz), 7.5 dB (13.4¿14.2 GHz), 13 dB (16.5¿16.8 GHz), and 22.5 dB (18.5¿20.3 GHz). Furthermore, with the proposed technique (i) minimum center-to-center separation between the radiating elements can be reduced to 0.26¿0, where ¿0 is 8.0 GHz; (ii) use of ground-plane or defected ground structures are unnecessary; (iii) use of short-circuited via-holes are avoided; (iv) it eliminates the issue with poor front-to-back ratio; and (v) it can be applied to existing arrays retrospectively. © 2019. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.


  • antenna array meander line slot (mls) metasurface isolator mimo mutual coupling synthetic-aperture radar antenna arrays antenna grounds defected ground structures microstrip antennas mimo radar mimo systems radar antennas slot antennas surface waves synthetic aperture radar front to back ratio ground planes meander line metasurface mutual coupling radiating elements shaped structures surface current microwave antennas