Miniaturised planar-patch antenna based on metamaterial L-shaped unit-cells for broadband portable microwave devices and multiband wireless communication systems Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2018

start page

  • 1080

end page

  • 1086


  • 7


  • 12

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1751-8725

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1751-8733


  • This study describes the design of a metamaterial planar antenna for multi-octave band operation. The metamaterial unit-cell comprises L-shaped slit which is etched inside a rectangular patch with a grounded inductive spiral. The slit essentially behaves as a series left-handed capacitance and the spiral as a shunt left-handed inductance. The antenna was modelled and optimised for impedance bandwidth, gain and efficiency performance using commercial three-dimensional full-wave electromagnetic simulation tools. The antenna has a measured impedance bandwidth of 6.02 GHz for S11 < -10 dB. This corresponds to a fractional bandwidth of 172.49%, which is higher than multiband planar antennas reported to date. The antenna has a maximum gain and efficiency performance of 3.7 dBi and 73%, respectively, at 3.25 GHz. The physical footprint of the antenna is comparable to other wideband planar antennas reported to date. The overall size of the antenna is 0.037¿0 × 0.027¿0 × 0.002¿0 and 0.25¿0 × 0.18¿0 × 0.017¿0, where ¿0 is free-space wavelength at 0.48 and 3.25 GHz, respectively. © 2018, The Institution of Engineering and Technology.


  • bandwidth computational electromagnetics efficiency electric impedance electromagnetic simulation metamaterial antennas metamaterials microstrip antennas mobile antennas wireless telecommunication systems fractional bandwidths free-space wavelengths full-wave electromagnetic simulation impedance bandwidths measured impedance multiband planar antennas planar patch antenna wireless communication system microwave antennas