Meta-surface wall suppression of mutual coupling between microstrip patch antenna arrays for THz-band applications Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2018

start page

  • 105

end page

  • 111

volume

  • 75

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1937-6480

abstract

  • This paper presents a novel 2D meta-surface wall to increase the isolation between microstrip patch radiators in an antenna array that is operating in the teraherz (THz) band of 139-141 GHz for applications including communications, medical and security screening systems. The meta-surface unit-cell comprises conjoined twin `Y-shape' microstrip structures, which are inter-digitally interleaved together to create the meta-surface wall. The proposed meta-surface wall is free of via holes and defected ground-plane hence easing its fabrication. The meta-surface wall is inserted tightly between the radiating elements to reduce surface wave mutual coupling. For best isolation performance the wall is oriented orthogonal to the patch antennas. The antenna array exhibits a gain of 9.0 dBi with high isolation level of less than -63 dB between transmit and receive antennas in the specified THz-band. The proposed technique achieves mutual coupling suppression of more than 10 dB over a much wider frequency bandwidth (2 GHz) than achieved to date. With the proposed technique the edge-to-edge gap between the transmit and receive patch antennas can be reduced to 2.5 mm. Dimensions of the transmit and receive patch antennas are 5×5 mm2 with ground-plane size of 9×4.25 mm2 when being constructed on a conventional lossy substrate with thickness of 1.6 mm. © 2018, Electromagnetics Academy. All rights reserved.

keywords

  • antenna arrays antenna grounds diagnosis receiving antennas slot antennas surface waves defected ground plane frequency band width isolation performance microstrip patch antenna arrays microstrip patch radiators microstrip structures radiating elements security screening microstrip antennas