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We apply the converse of Noether's second theorem to the first-order $n$-dimensional Lovelock action, considering the frame rotation group as both $SO\left(1,n-1\right)$ or as $SO(n)$. As a result, we get the well-known invariance under local Lorentz transformations or $SO(n)$ transformations and diffeomorphisms, for odd- and even-dimensional manifolds. We also obtain the so-called `local translations' with nonvanishing constant $\Lambda$ for odd-dimensional manifolds when a certain relation among the coefficients of the various terms of the first-order Lovelock Lagrangian is satisfied. When this relation is fulfilled, we report the existence of a new gauge symmetry emerging from a Noether identity. In this case the fundamental set of gauge symmetries of the Lovelock action is composed by the new symmetry, local translations with $\Lambda \neq 0$ and local Lorentz transformations or $SO(n)$ transformations. The commutator algebra of this set closes with structure functions. We also get the invariance under local translations with $\Lambda=0$ of the highest term of the Lovelock action in odd-dimensional manifolds. Furthermore, we report a new gauge symmetry for the highest term of the first-order Lovelock action for odd-dimensional manifolds. In this last case, the fundamental set of gauge symmetries can be considered as Poincaré or Euclidean transformations together with the new symmetry. The commutator algebra of this set also closes with structure functions.
lovelock gravity; noether's second theorem; local translations; gauge symmetries