Venous leg ulcers (VLU) represent an uphill economic, health and social burden, aggravated in the elderly. Best-practice care interventions are often insufficient and alternative therapies need to be explored. Herein, we have treated for the first time a chronic VLU in an elderly patient by combining cell therapy and tissue engineering in the context of a compassionate use. The administration of allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) embedded in a plasma-based bioengineered dermis covering the ulcer bed and also injected into the ulcer margins led to the complete closure of a 10-year recalcitrant VLU in an 85-year-old patient. Regenerative properties of MSCs might be boosted by the use of bioengineered matrices for their delivery.