Refactoring GrPPI: Generic Refactoring for Generic Parallelism in C++ Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2020

start page

  • 603

end page

  • 625


  • 4


  • 48

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-7458

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-7640


  • The Generic Reusable Parallel Pattern Interface (GrPPI) is a very useful abstraction over different parallel pattern libraries, allowing the programmer to write generic patterned parallel code that can easily be compiled to different backends such as FastFlow, OpenMP, Intel TBB and C++ threads. However, rewriting legacy code to use GrPPI still involves code transformations that can be highly non-trivial, especially for programmers who are not experts in parallelism. This paper describes software refactorings to semi-automatically introduce instances of GrPPI patterns into sequential C++ code, as well as safety checking static analysis mechanisms which verify that introducing patterns into the code does not introduce concurrency-related bugs such as race conditions. We demonstrate the refactorings and safety-checking mechanisms on four simple benchmark applications, showing that we are able to obtain, with little effort, GrPPI-based parallel versions that accomplish good speedups (comparable to those of manually-produced parallel versions) using different pattern backends.


  • refactoring; parallelism; parallel patterns; tbb; c++; grppi; c++ threads