vrAIn: Deep Learning based Orchestration for Computing and Radio Resources in vRANs Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2022

start page

  • 2652

end page

  • 2670


  • 7


  • 21

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1536-1233

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-0660


  • The virtualization of radio access networks (vRAN) is the last milestone in the NFV revolution. However, the complexrelationship between computing and radio dynamics make vRAN resource control particularly daunting. We present vrAIn, a resourceorchestrator for vRANs based on deep reinforcement learning. First, we use an autoencoder to project high-dimensional context data(traffic and channel quality patterns) into a latent representation. Then, we use a deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG) algorithmbased on an actor-critic neural network structure and a classifier to map contexts into resource control decisions.We have evaluated vrAIn experimentally, using an open-source LTE stack over different platforms, and via simulations over aproduction RAN. Our results show that: (i) vrAIn provides savings in computing capacity of up to 30% over CPU-agnostic methods;(ii) it improves the probability of meeting QoS targets by 25% over static policies; (iii) upon computing capacity under-provisioning,vrAIn improves throughput by 25% over state-of-the-art schemes; and (iv) it performs close to an optimal offline oracle. To ourknowledge, this is the first work that thoroughly studies the computational behavior of vRANs and the first approach to a model-freesolution that does not need to assume any particular platform or context.


  • Telecommunications


  • ran virtualization; resource management; machine learning