Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
The present paper introduces a method to promote existing controlled vocabularies to the Linked Data initiative. A common data model and an enclosed conversion method for knowledge organization systems based on semantic web technologies and vocabularies such as SKOS are presented. This method is applied to well-known taxonomies and controlled vocabularies in the business sector, more specifically to Product Scheme Classifications created by governmental institutions such as the European Union or the United Nations. Since these product schemes are available in a common and shared data model, the needs of the European e-Procurement sector are outlined to finally demonstrate how Linked Data can address some of the challenges for publishing and retrieving information resources. As a consequence, two experiments are also provided in order to validate the gain, in terms of expressivity, and the exploitation of this emerging approach to help both expert and end-users to make decisions on the selection of descriptors for public procurement notices.
e-procurement; product scheme classifications; linked open data; semantic web; expert systems