Cracked rotor diagnosis by means of frequency spectrum and artificial neural networks Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2020

start page

  • 459

end page

  • 469

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 25

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1738-1584

abstract

  • The presence of cracks in mechanical components is a very important problem that, if it is not detected on time, can lead to high economic costs and serious personal injuries. This work presents a methodology focused on identifying cracks in unbalanced rotors, which are some of the most frequent mechanical elements in industry. The proposed method is based on Artificial Neural Networks that give a solution to the presented inverse problem. They allow to estimate unknown crack parameters, specifically, the crack depth and the eccentricity angle, depending on the dynamic behavior of the rotor. The necessary data to train the developed Artificial Neural Network have been obtained from the frequency spectrum of the displacements of the well- known cracked Jeffcott rotor model, which takes into account the crack breathing mechanism during a shaft rotation. The proposed method is applicable to any rotating machine and it could contribute to establish adequate maintenance plans.

subjects

  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics

keywords

  • rotor diagnosis; neural networks; crack identification; breathing mechanism; frequency spectrum