Adaptive cuckoo filters Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2020

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 20


  • 1


  • 25

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1084-6654

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1084-6654


  • We introduce the adaptive cuckoo filter (ACF), a data structure for approximate set membership that extends cuckoo filters by reacting to false positives, removing them for future queries. As an example application, in packet processing queries may correspond to flow identifiers, so a search for an element is likely to be followed by repeated searches for that element. Removing false positives can therefore significantly lower the false-positive rate. The ACF, like the cuckoo filter, uses a cuckoo hash table to store fingerprints. We allow fingerprint entries to be changed in response to a false positive in a manner designed to minimize the effect on the performance of the filter. We show that the ACF is able to significantly reduce the false-positive rate by presenting both a theoretical model for the false-positive rate and simulations using both synthetic data sets and real packet traces.


  • cuckoo hashing; bloom filters; adaptive; markov chains; false positive rate