Morphological analysis of transformer Kraft paper impregnated with dielectric nanofluids Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2020

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0969-0239

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1572-882X


  • The use of dielectric nanofluids has been recently proposed as a method to improve the insulation system of transformers. It has been widely reported that these liquids present superior dielectric properties than conventional dielectric liquids and have a better behavior as cooling agents. Nevertheless some aspects need to be addressed before these materials are applicable to real equipment. This paper analyzes the interaction between dielectric nanofluids and the cellulose materials that constitute the solid insulation of transformers. The impregnation process of a transformer has been emulated in order to obtain samples of solid insulation impregnated with a Fe3O4 based nanofluid. The samples have been subjected to ICP testing and CryoSEM observation, complemented with the determination of the EDX sprectrum. The interaction between the nanoparticles and the cellulose fibers has been investigated finding that bonds are established between them when cellulose is impregnated with nanofluids.


  • Materials science and engineering


  • power transformers; kraft paper; nanofluids; cryo-sem; mineral oil; fe3o4; nanoparticles