Frequency Control of Offshore Wind Farm with Diode-Rectifier-based HVdc Connection Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2020

start page

  • 130

end page

  • 138

issue

  • 1

volume

  • 35

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-8969

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-0059

abstract

  • This paper presents a direct frequency control for offshore wind farms (OWFs) connected to the diode-rectifier-based (DR-based) high voltage direct current (HVDC) link. The frequency control is guaranteed through reactive power balance at the DR station without a capacitor bank placed at the DR station; while AC-voltage magnitude is clamped by the DR, provided that the HVDC link voltage is imposed by the onshore inverter. The control system is implemented by a voltage source converter (VSC) connected to the DR station. The VSC is also used to compensate harmonic currents, leading to passive AC-filters being also removed from the DR station. The proposed control system provides comparative advantages in terms of DR station volume and OWF installation cost with other centralized controls where besides a VSC, a high-voltage large capacitor bank is needed to be placed at the DR station. A new average-value model (AVM) of the DR system is derived to test the proposed frequency control, while the stability of the system is evaluated through a small-signal analysis. The proposed control system performance and the accuracy of the proposed AVM are verified through a detailed switching model of the system using operation of a cascaded H-bridge VSC.

keywords

  • average-value model (avm); diode rectifier (dr); frequency control; high voltage direct current (hvdc); offshore wind farm (owf); voltage source converter (vsc)