Comparison between adiabatic and non-adiabatic absorption chillers using ammonia-lithium nitrate and water-lithium bromide solutions Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2020

start page

  • 609

end page

  • 621


  • 7


  • 51

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1064-2285


  • This work deals with the comparison of the performance of a single-effect absorption chiller using two main configurations: equipped with a nonadiabatic absorber or an adiabatic one. Simulations were developed based on thermodynamic balances, operating with ammonia-lithium nitrate (NH3−LiNO3) and water-lithium bromide (H2O−LiBr) as working pairs. Parameters of evaluation are the coefficient of performance COP, circulation ratio f, and driving heat rate Qg. Results illustrate that the nonadiabatic absorption system presents better performance parameters for a given operating point, attributable to a higher concentration change in the absorber for a fixed cooling capacity. When the generator temperature Tg is varied, a strong influence on the performance parameters f, Qg, and COP is observed. However, from a certain value of Tg its variation has a less influence on the performance. When the condenser temperature increases, the COP decreases. The contrary happens if the evaporation temperature is increased. This is valid for both adiabatic and nonadiabatic cases.


  • ammonia-lithium nitrate; water-lithium bromide; adiabatic absorption; nonadiabatic absorption; chiller