Sub-ppm-level ammonia detection using photoacoustic spectroscopy with an optical microphone based on a phase interferometer Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2019

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 14


  • 13


  • 19

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1424-3210

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1424-8220


  • A sensitive optical microphone for photoacoustic spectroscopy based on the common path topology of a fibre laser Doppler vibrometer (FLDV) using phase-generated carrier demodulation and a slim diaphragm as an acoustic wave transducer was demonstrated. A resonant gas cell was adapted to enhance gas-detection performance and simultaneously provide efficient cancellation of the window background acoustic signal. Ammonia (NH3) was selected as the target gas. The absorption line was experimentally identified using a distributed feedback laser diode emitting at 1530 nm. The linearity and sensitivity of the gas sensor were measured using wavelength modulation spectroscopy with second harmonic detection. A Teflon diaphragm was used to implement the optical microphone, along with the FLDV, showing a minimum detectable pressure of 79.5 mu Pa/Hz(1/2). The noise-equivalent absorption sensitivity for NH3 detection at the absorption line at 1531.7 nm was 1.85 x 10(-8) W cm(-1) Hz(-1/2), and the limit of detection was 785 ppbv.


  • Electronics


  • photoacoustic spectroscopy; gas detection; optical microphone; resonant cell; membrane