Smokers with CT Detected Emphysema and No Airway Obstruction Have Decreased Plasma Levels of EGF, IL-15, IL-8 and IL-1ra Articles uri icon


  • de Torres, J.P.
  • BLANCO, D.
  • Alcaide, A.B.
  • Seijo, L.M.
  • Bastarrika, G.
  • Pajares, M.J.
  • Pio, R.
  • Campo, A.
  • Montes, U.
  • Segura, V.
  • Pueyo, J.
  • Montuenga, L.M.
  • Zulueta, J.J.

publication date

  • April 2013

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 6


  • 4


  • 8

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1932-6203


  • Abstract: Rationale: Low-grade inflammation and emphysema have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of lungcancer. However, the systemic inflammatory response in patients with emphysema is still unknown. Objective: To compare the plasma cytokine profiles in two groups of current or former smokers without airway obstruction:a control group of individuals without computed tomography (CT) detected emphysema vs. a study group of individualswith CT detected emphysema. Methods: Subjects underwent a chest CT, spirometry, and determination of EGF, IL-15, IL-1ra, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1b, TGFa,TNFa, and VEGF levels in plasma. Cytokine levels in each group were compared adjusting for confounding factors. Results: 160 current smokers and former smokers without airway obstruction participated in the study: 80 withoutemphysema and 80 subjects with emphysema. Adjusted group comparisons revealed significant reductions in EGF (20.317, p = 0.01), IL-15 (20.21, p = 0.01), IL-8 (20.180, p = 0.02) and IL-1ra (20.220, p = 0.03) in subjects with emphysema and normalspirometry. Conclusions: Current or former smokers expressing a well-defined disease characteristic such as emphysema, has a specificplasma cytokine profile. This includes a decrease of cytokines mainly implicated in activation of apoptosis or decrease of immunosurveillance. This information should be taken into account when evaluated patients with tobacco respiratorydiseases.


  • epidermal growth factor; interleukin 1 receptor blocking agent; interleukin 15; interleukin 8; macrophage inflammatory protein 1beta; monocyte chemotactic protein 1; transforming growth factor alpha; tumor necrosis factor alpha; vasculotropin; adult; airway obstruction; article; computer assisted tomography; controlled study; cytokine production; emphysema; female; forced expiratory volume; forced vital capacity; human; immunosurveillance; lung function; major clinical study; male; predictive value; protein blood level; smoking; spirometry; thorax radiography; cytokines; epidermal growth factor; humans; interleukin 1 receptor antagonist; protein; lung neoplasms; mass screening; middle aged; multivariate analysis; pulmonary emphysema; tomography; x-ray computed; nicotiana tabacum