Airway segmentation and analysis for the study of mouse models of lung disease using micro-CT Articles uri icon


  • Artaechevarria, X.
  • Pérez-Martín, D.
  • Ceresa, M.
  • De Biurrun, G.
  • BLANCO, D.
  • Montuenga, L.M.
  • Van Ginneken, B.

publication date

  • November 2009

start page

  • 7009

end page

  • 7024


  • 22


  • 54

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9155

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6560


  • Animal models of lung disease are gaining importance in understanding the underlying mechanisms of diseases such as emphysema and lung cancer. Micro-CT allows in vivo imaging of these models, thus permitting the study of the progression of the disease or the effect of therapeutic drugs in longitudinal studies. Automated analysis of micro-CT images can be helpful to understand the physiology of diseased lungs, especially when combined with measurements of respiratory system input impedance. In this work, we present a fast and robust murine airway segmentation and reconstruction algorithm. The algorithm is based on a propagating fast marching wavefront that, as it grows, divides the tree into segments. We devised a number of specific rules to guarantee that the front propagates only inside the airways and to avoid leaking into the parenchyma. The algorithm was tested on normal mice, a mouse model of chronic inflammation and a mouse model of emphysema. A comparison with manual segmentations of two independent observers shows that the specificity and sensitivity values of our method are comparable to the inter-observer variability, and radius measurements of the mainstem bronchi reveal significant differences between healthy and diseased mice. Combining measurements of the automatically segmented airways with the parameters of the constant phase model provides extra information on how disease affects lung function.


  • animal model; automated analysis; chronic inflammation; constant phase; fast marching; in vivo imaging; input impedance; interobserver variability; longitudinal study; lung cancer; lung disease; lung function; manual segmentation; micro ct; mouse models; radius measurements; reconstruction algorithms; sensitivity values; therapeutic drugs; underlying mechanism; biological organs; electric impedance; respiratory system; computerized tomography; algorithm; animal experiment; animal model; article; autoanalysis; bronchus; controlled study; diagnostic imaging; diagnostic value; disease severity; emphysema; image reconstruction; in vivo study; lung parenchyma; male; micro-computed tomography; mouse; nonhuman; pathophysiology; pneumonia; priority journal; sensitivity; specificity; tracheobronchial tree; algorithms; animals; artificial intelligence; disease models; animal; humans; imaging; three-dimensional; lung diseases; mice; pattern recognition; automated; radiographic image enhancement; radiographic image interpretatio; computer-assisted; reproducibility of results; tomography; x-ray computed