Isotactic poly(propylene-co-1-pentene-co-1-hexene) terpolymers: Synthesis, molecular characterization, and evidence of the trigonal polymorph Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2013

start page

  • 3251

end page

  • 3259

issue

  • 15

volume

  • 51

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0887-624X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1099-0518

abstract

  • Terpolymers based on propylene with 1-pentene and 1-hexene as comonomeric units are satisfactorily synthesized using a metallocene catalyst. Thus, several terpolymers are prepared with distinct overall compositions in comonomers as well as three different 1-pentene/1-hexene ratios at a given composition to evaluate the influence on polymerization activity, intrinsic viscosity, and microstructural details. The new trigonal δ polymorph is observed in those quenched terpolymers with a global content in comonomers of about 14 mol %, independently of the ratio between both comonomers. However, preliminary results indicate a profound influence of that ratio on the crystallization rate.

keywords

  • mesomorphic entities; 1-hexene; 1-pentene; phasebehavior; polymorphism; poly(propylene) (pp); terpolymers; trigonal form