Path-Breakers: how does women's political participation respond to electoral success? Articles uri icon

authors

  • CLOTS FIGUERAS, IRMA
  • BHALOTRA, SONIQ
  • IYER, LAKSHMI

publication date

  • August 2018

start page

  • 1844

end page

  • 1878

issue

  • 613

volume

  • 128

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0013-0133

abstract

  • We investigate whether the event of women being competitively elected as state legislators encourages subsequent political participation among women. Using a regression discontinuity design on Indian constituency level data, we find that female incumbents are more likely than male incumbents to re‐contest and that there is a decline in the entry of new women candidates. This decline is most pronounced in states with entrenched gender bias and in male‐headed parties, suggesting an intensification of barriers against women in these areas. Similar results for (mostly male) Muslim candidates indicate the presence of institutionalised demand‐side barriers rather than gender‐specific preferences and constraints.