Unidirectional zero sonic reflection in passive PT-symmetric Willis media Articles uri icon

authors

  • MERKEL, AURELIEN PAUL LUCIEN
  • ROMERO GARCIA, VINCENT
  • GROBY, JEAN PHILLIPPE
  • LI, JENSEN
  • CHRISTENSEN, JOHAN

publication date

  • November 2018

issue

  • 20

volume

  • 98

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2469-9950

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2469-9969

abstract

  • In an effective medium description of acoustic metamaterials, the Willis coupling plays the same role as the bianisotropy in electromagnetism. Willis media can be described by a constitutive matrix composed of the classical effective bulk modulus and density and additional cross-coupling terms defining the acoustic bianisotropy. Based on a unifying theoretical model, we unite the properties of acoustic Willis coupling with PT-symmetric systems under the same umbrella and show in either case that an exceptional point hosts a remarkably pronounced scattering asymmetry that is accompanied by one-way zero reflection for sound waves. The analytical treatment is backed up by experimental input in asymmetrically side-loaded waveguides showing how gauge transformations and loss biasing can embrace both Willis materials and non-Hermitian physics to tailor unidirectional reflectionless acoustics, which is appealing for purposeful sound insulation and steering.

keywords

  • bianisotropic media; optics