Robust multifrequency imaging with MUSIC Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2019

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 22


  • 1 (015007)


  • 35

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0266-5611

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6420


  • In this paper, we study the MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm often used to image small targets when multiple measurement vectors are available. We show that this algorithm may be used when the imaging problem can be cast as a linear system that admits a special factorization. We discuss several active array imaging configurations where this factorization is exact, as well as other configurations where the factorization only holds approximately and, hence, the results provided by MUSIC deteriorate. We give special attention to the most general setting where an active array with an arbitrary number of transmitters and receivers uses signals of multiple frequencies to image the targets. This setting provides all the possible diversity of information that can be obtained from the illuminations. We give a theorem that shows that MUSIC is robust with respect to additive noise provided that the targets are well separated. The theorem also shows the relevance of using appropriate sets of controlled parameters, such as excitations, to form the images with MUSIC robustly. We present numerical experiments that support our theoretical results.


  • Biology and Biomedicine
  • Mathematics


  • array imaging; music; multiple measurement vectors