Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
LCL-filter-based grid-tie inverters require damping for the current-loop stability. There are only software modifications in active damping, whereas resistors are added in passive damping. Although passive damping incurs in additional losses, it is widely used because of its simplicity. This paper considers the active damping in medium-voltage parallel inverters for wind turbines. Due to cost reasons, only minimal software changes are allowed and no extra sensors can be used. The procedure must be robust against line-inductance variations in weak grids. Double-update mode is needed so the resonance frequency is under the Nyquist limit. The bandwidth reduction when using active damping is also required to be known beforehand. Moreover, the design procedure should be simple without requiring numerous trial-and-error iterations. In spite of the abundant literature, the options are limited under these circumstances. Filter-based solutions are appropriate and a new procedure for tuning the notch filter is proposed. However, this procedure requires that the resistance of the inductors is known and a novel filter-based solution is proposed that uses lag filters. The lag filters displace the phase angle at the resonance frequency so that the Nyquist stability criterion is fulfilled. Simulations and experiments with a 100-kVA prototype validate the analysis.
active damping; grid-tie inverter; lag filter; line inductance; lcl filter; medium voltage; notch filter; voltage source converter