Mexico's foreign trade in a turbulent era (1821-1870): a reconstruction Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2018


  • 36

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0212-6109

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-3335


  • In 1821 Mexico achieved its independence from Spain. What happened in the following 50 years has become a field of dispute for economic historians. The lack of reliable quantitative information in many fields of economic activity has led to contrasting interpretations, none of which has been accepted as definitive. The aim of this paper is to reconstruct the yearly values of Mexico's foreign trade in that period, with the purpose of providing elements to start filling this significant gap in Mexico's historiography. It relies on official trade statistics and consular reports from Mexico's main trading partners. It provides new series of imports and (commodity and specie) exports, and a provisional view of the balance of trade for most of the 1821-1870 period.


  • Economics
  • History


  • mexico; reconstruction trade statistics; imports; exports; balance of trade