FEMALE AND INFORMAL CAREGIVING? THE TRADITIONAL MODEL OF SOCIAL CARE UNDER EXAMINATION FROM A DEMOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE Articles uri icon

authors

  • ELIZALDE SAN MIGUEL, BEGOÑA

publication date

  • June 2018

start page

  • 243

end page

  • 262

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1989-3469

abstract

  • This paper explores the feasibility of the traditional model of care provision in rural areas of Spain. This traditional familialistic model relies on families, specifically on women, to secure care provision for the elderly population. The model has been widely recognized as obsolete and unsustainable due to the integration of women into the labour market and the changes in family structures. However, in Spain, 80% of care providers are still family members, and the elderly population shows a clear preference for the family as the ideal care provider. Thus, we are experiencing a transitional moment with a consensus about the crisis of the model of care but in which families retain the responsibility of providing care. Rural areas are facing a peculiar situation in this regard, since they have experienced a more intense ageing process; the rural-urban exodus explains the limited availability of family members and the masculinization of population, since women migrated in a higher proportion than men. Thus, women, traditional caregivers, may not be present to secure this role. This paper analyzes these changes and their impact on gender relations through a demographic study, using population registers.

keywords

  • Population ageing; rural areas; care providers; masculinization; informal care