Directional acoustic antennas based on Valley-Hall topological insulators Articles uri icon

authors

  • ZHANG, ZHIWANG
  • TIAN, YE
  • WANG, YIHE
  • GAO, SHUXIANG
  • CHENG, YING
  • LIU, XIAOJUN
  • CHRISTENSEN, JOHAN

publication date

  • September 2018

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 7

issue

  • 36 (1803229)

volume

  • 30

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0935-9648

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1521-4095

abstract

  • Realizing directional acoustic signal transmittance and reception robust against surrounding noise and competing signals is crucial in many areas such as communication, navigation, and detection for medical and industrial purposes. The fundamentally wide‐angled radiation pattern of most current acoustic sensors and transducers displays a major limitation of the performance when it comes to precise targeting and probing of sound particular of interest in human speaking and hearing. Here, it is shown how topological acoustic valley transport can be designed to enable a unique beamforming mechanism that renders a superdirective needle‐like sound radiation and reception pattern. The strategy rests on out‐coupling valley‐polarized edge states, whose beam is experimentally detected in the far‐field with 10° width and a sound‐intensity enhancement factor ≈10. Furthermore, anti‐interference communication is proposed where sound is received from desired directions, but background noise from other directions is successfully suppressed. This type of topological acoustic antenna offers new ways to control sound with improved performance and functionalities that are highly desirable for versatile applications.

keywords

  • acoustic antennas; superdirectivity; Topological edge states; Valley-Hall phase