A numerical study of the complex flow structure in a compound meandering channel Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2018

volume

  • 116

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0309-1708

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-9657

abstract

  • In this study, we report large eddy simulations of turbulent flow in a periodic compound meandering channel for three different depth conditions: one in-bank and two overbank conditions. The flow configuration corresponds to the experiments of Shiono and Muto (1998). The predicted mean streamwise velocities, mean secondary motions, velocity fluctuations, turbulent kinetic energy as well as mean flood flow angle to meandering channel are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. We have analyzed the flow structure as a function of the inundation level, with particular emphasis on the development of the secondary motions due to the interaction between the main channel and the floodplain flow. Bed shear stresses have been also estimated in the simulations. Floodplain flow has a significant impact on the flow structure leading to significantly different bed shear stress patterns within the main meandering channel. The implications of these results for natural compound meandering channels are also discussed.

keywords

  • turbulence; flow structure; large eddy simulation; meander; flooding