Neural approach to estimate the stress intensity factor of semi-elliptical cracks in rotating cracked shafts in bending Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2018

start page

  • 539

end page

  • 550

issue

  • 3

volume

  • 41

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 8756-758X

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2695

abstract

  • In the last decades, neural network approach has often been used to study various and complex engineering problems, such as optimization or prediction. In this paper, a methodology founded on artificial neural networks (ANNs) was used to calculate the stress intensity factor (SIF) in different points of the front of a semi‐elliptical crack present in a rotating shaft, taking into account the shape and depth of the crack, the angle of rotation, and the location of the point in the front. In the event of rotating machines, such as shafts, it is crucial to know the SIF along the crack front because this parameter, according to the Paris Law, is related to the performance of the crack during its propagation. Previously, it was necessary to achieve the data for the ANN training, for this a quasi‐static numerical model was made, which simulates a rotating cracked shaft with a semi‐elliptical crack. The numerical solutions cover a wide range of crack depths and shapes, and rotation angles. The values of the SIF estimated by the ANNs were contrasted with other solutions available in the literature finding a good agreement between them. The proposed neural network methodology is an alternative that offers a very good option for the SIF estimation, because it is efficient and easy to use, does not require high computational costs, and can be used to analyse the propagation of cracks contained in rotating shafts by means of the Paris Law taking into account the nonlinear behaviour of the shaft.

keywords

  • breathing mechanism; neural networks; rotating cracked shafts; semi‐elliptical cracks; stress intensity factor