Asymptotics for varying discrete Sobolev orthogonal polynomials Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2017

start page

  • 65

end page

  • 79

volume

  • 314

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0096-3003

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5649

abstract

  • We consider a varying discrete Sobolev inner product such as (f, g)s = (integral) f (x)g(x)d mu + M-n f((j)) (c)g((j)) (c), where mu, is a finite positive Borel measure supported on an infinite subset of the real line, c is adequately located on the real axis, j >= 0, and {M-n}(n >= 0) is a sequence of non-negative real numbers satisfying a very general condition. Our aim is to study asymptotic properties of the sequence of orthonormal polynomials with respect to this Sobolev inner product. In this way, we focus our attention on Mehler-Heine type formulae as they describe in detail the asymptotic behavior of these polynomials around c, just the point where we have located the perturbation of the standard inner product. Moreover, we pay attention to the asymptotic behavior of the (scaled) zeros of these varying Sobolev polynomials and some numerical experiments are shown. Finally, we provide other asymptotic results which strengthen the idea that Mehler Heine asymptotics describe in a precise way the differences between Sobolev orthogonal polynomials and standard ones.

keywords

  • sobolev orthogonal polynomials; mehler-heine formulae; asymptotics; zeros