Class Switching according to Nearest Enemy Distance for learning from highly imbalanced data-sets Articles uri icon


publication date

  • October 2017

start page

  • 12

end page

  • 24


  • 70

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-3203


  • The imbalanced data classification has been deeply studied by the machine learning practitioners over the years and it is one of the most challenging problems in the field. In many real-life situations, the under representation of a class in contrary to the rest commonly produces the tendency to ignore the minority class, this being normally the target of the problem. Consequently, many different techniques have been proposed. Among those, the ensemble approaches have resulted to be very reliable. New ways of generating ensembles have also been studied for standard classification. In particular, Class Switching, as a mechanism to produce training perturbed sets, has been proved to perform well in slightly imbalanced scenarios. In this paper, we analyze its potential to deal with highly imbalanced problems, fighting against its major limitations. We introduce a novel ensemble approach based on Switching with a new technique to select the switched examples based on Nearest Enemy Distance. We compare the resulting SwitchingNED with five distinctive ensemble-based approaches, with different combinations of sampling techniques. With a better performance, SwitchingNED is settled as one of best approaches on the field. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • imbalanced classification; ensembles; preprocessing; class switching