Improving accuracy and simplifying training in fingerprinting-based indoor location algorithms at room level Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2016

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 16

volume

  • 2016 (2682869)

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1574-017X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-905X

abstract

  • Fingerprinting-based algorithms are popular in indoor location systems based on mobile devices. Comparing the RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator) from different radio wave transmitters, such asWi-Fi access points, with prerecorded fingerprints from located points (using different artificial intelligence algorithms), fingerprinting-based systems can locate unknown points with a fewmeters resolution.However, training the system with already located fingerprints tends to be an expensive task both in time and in resources, especially if large areas are to be considered. Moreover, the decision algorithms tend to be of high memory and CPU consuming in such cases and so does the required time for obtaining the estimated location for a new fingerprint. In this paper, we study, propose, and validate a way to select the locations for the training fingerprints which reduces the amount of required points while improving the accuracy of the algorithms when locating points at room level resolution.We present a comparison of different artificial intelligence decision algorithms and select those with better results. We do a comparison with other systems in the literature and draw conclusions about the improvements obtained in our proposal.Moreover, some techniques such as filtering nonstable access points for improving accuracy are introduced, studied, and validated.

keywords

  • indoor location systems; fingerprinting-based algorithms; mobile devices; artificial intelligence