Some Remarks on the Effects of Inertia and Viscous Dissipation in the Onset of Cavitation in Rubber. Articles uri icon



publication date

  • February 2017

start page

  • 201

end page

  • 213


  • 2


  • 126

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0374-3535

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2681


  • Through direct comparisons with experiments, LefSvre et al. (Int. J. Frac. 192:1-23, 2015) have recently confirmed the prevailing belief that the nonlinear elastic properties of rubber play a significant role in the so-called phenomenon of cavitation-that is, the sudden growth of inherent defects in rubber into large enclosed cavities/cracks in response to external stimuli. These comparisons have also made it plain that cavitation in rubber is first and foremost a fracture process that may possibly depend, in addition to the nonlinear elastic properties of the rubber, on inertial effects and/or on the viscous dissipation innate to rubber. This is because the growth of defects into large cavities/cracks is locally in time an extremely fast process. The purpose of this Note is to provide insight into the relevance of inertial and viscous dissipation effects on the onset of cavitation in rubber. To this end, leaving fracture properties aside, we consider the basic problem of the radially symmetric dynamic deformation of a spherical defect embedded at the center of a ball made up of an isotropic incompressible nonlinear viscoelastic solid that is subjected to external hydrostatic loading. Specifically, the defect is taken to be vacuous and the viscoelastic behavior of the solid is characterized by a fairly general class of constitutive relations given in terms of two thermodynamic potentials-namely, a free energy function describing the nonlinear elasticity of the solid and a dissipation potential describing its viscous dissipation-which has been shown to be capable to describe the mechanical response of a broad variety of rubbers over wide ranges of deformations and deformations rates. It is found that the onset of cavitation is not affected by inertial effects so long as the external loads are not applied at a high rate. On the other hand,


  • defects; elastomers; finite viscoelasticity; hyperbolic pdes; nonlinear viscoelastic solids; neo-hookean materials; dynamic cavitation; elastodynamics; elasticity; elastomers; growth