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In the field of bioabsorbable composites for biomedical applications, extrusion has been employed as a method to prepare homogeneous blends of polymeric matrices with bioactive ceramic fillers. In this work, the suitability of processing poly-L-lactic acid/Magnesium (PLLA/Mg) composites by hot extrusion has been assessed by a systematic characterization of PLLA/Mg composites containing different amounts of Mg particles up to 7 wt%. The results show that extrusion causes a reduction of almost 20% in the viscosity average molecular weight of PLLA, which further decreases with increasing Mg content. Extrusion gave always rise to a homogeneous distribution of Mg particles within the PLLA matrix. This composite processing was not compromised by the degradation of the polymeric matrix because the processing temperature was always below the onset degradation temperature. In the processing conditions employed in the present work, degradation of the composite slightly increases as more Mg is added up to 5 wt%, but is very high at 7 wt%. This was also evident from the mechanical behaviour, so that Mg particles improved the stiffness and compression strength of neat PLIA until 5 wt of Mg content, which dropped drastically when the material had 7 wt% of Mg. The filler strengthening factor decreases with the increment in Mg content. In order to obtain an optimised contribution of Mg particles, a balance between thermal degradation and mechanical resistance of PLLA must be achieved. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.