The extent and cyclicality of career changes: Evidence for the UK Articles uri icon

authors

  • Carrillo-Tudela, Carlos
  • HOBIJN, BART
  • SHE, POWEN
  • VISSCHERS, LODEWIJK PIETER

publication date

  • May 2016

start page

  • 18

end page

  • 41

volume

  • 84

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0014-2921

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-572X

abstract

  • Using quarterly data for the U.K. from 1993 through 2012, we document that the extent of worker reallocation across occupations or industries (a career change, in the parlance of this paper) is high and procyclical. This holds true after controlling for workers' previous labour market status and for changes in the composition of who gets hired over the business cycle. Our evidence suggests that a large part of this reallocation reflect excess churning in the labour market. We also find that the majority of career changes come with wage increases. During the economic expansion wage increases were typically larger for those who change careers than, for those who do not. During the recession this is not true for career changers who were hired from unemployment. Our evidence suggests that understanding career changes over the business cycle is important for explaining labour market flows and the cyclicality of wage growth. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

keywords

  • labour market turnover; occupational and industry mobility; wage growth; labor-market; great recession; business-cycle; united-states; job mobility; search; us; unemployment; model; workers