The ten commandments of parallel trade = Los diez mandamientos sobre el comercio paralelo Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2016

start page

  • 55

end page

  • 76


  • 2


  • 8

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1989-4570


  • Parallel trade is not a new issue, but the problems causes by this phenomenon are current. Parallel importations take place specially related to some products, such as medicines or cosmetics. One of the reasons is because there is prices difference for the same products across Europe. In the present article we will study through ten questions what parallel trade is, why it arises and the legal problems it causes regarding mainly three disciplines such as industrial property, competition law and unfair competition.


  • parallel trade; trade mark; exhaustion; pharmaceutical products; free rider; comercio paralelo; marca; agotamiento; productos farmac√©uticos; distribuidor independiente