The adipokine lipocalin-2 in the context of the osteoarthritic osteochondral junction Articles uri icon

authors

  • VILLALVILLA, AMANDA
  • GARCIA MARTIN, ADELA MARIA
  • LARGO, RAQUEL
  • GUAILLO, ORESTE
  • HERRERO BEAUMONT, GABRIEL
  • GĂ“MEZ, RODOLFO

publication date

  • July 2016

volume

  • 6

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2045-2322

abstract

  • Obesity and osteoarthritis (OA) form a vicious circle in which obesity contributes to cartilage destruction in OA, and OA-associated sedentary behaviour promotes weight gain. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), a novel adipokine with catabolic activities in OA joints, contributes to the obesity and OA pathologies and is associated with other OA risk factors. LCN2 is highly induced in osteoblasts in the absence of mechanical loading, but its role in osteoblast metabolism is unclear. Therefore, because osteochondral junctions play a major role in OA development, we investigated the expression and role of LCN2 in osteoblasts and chondrocytes in the OA osteochondral junction environment. Our results showed that LCN2 expression in human osteoblasts and chondrocytes decreased throughout osteoblast differentiation and was induced by catabolic and inflammatory factors; however, TGF-beta 1 and IGF-1 reversed this induction. LCN2 reduced osteoblast viability in the presence of iron and enhanced the activity of MMP-9 released by osteoblasts. Moreover, pre-stimulated human osteoblasts induced LCN2 expression in human chondrocytes, but the inverse was not observed. Thus, LCN2 is an important catabolic adipokine in osteoblast and chondrocyte metabolism that is regulated by differentiation, inflammation and catabolic and anabolic stimuli, and LCN2 expression in chondrocytes is regulated in a paracrine manner after osteoblast stimulation.

keywords

  • gelatinase associated lipocalin; human articular chondrocytes; subchondral bone; rheumatic diseases; cartilage; osteoblast; expression; gene; inflammation; pathogenesis