Workload, time and costs of the informal cares in patients with tele-monitoring of pacemakers: the PONIENTE study Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2016

start page

  • 307

end page

  • 313


  • 4


  • 105

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1861-0684

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1861-0692


  • The purpose of this study was to assess the burden borne by and the costs to informal caregivers of patients with remotely monitored (RM) pacemakers. The PONIENTE study was a controlled, non-randomised clinical trial, with data collected from informal caregivers, 12 months after implantation of pacemakers. The survey on disabilities, personal autonomy, and dependency situations was used to gather information on demographic and social characteristics, levels of professionalism, time and types of care, difficulties in providing care, health status, professional aspects, economic and family or leisure impacts due to informal caregiving for patients with pacemakers. During 14 months, 76 caregivers were enrolled in the PONIENTE trial. Of which, 26 were included in the RM group and 50 in the hospital-monitored group (HM). The mean ages were 58.62 +/- A 16.51 and 61.10 +/- A 12.67 years, respectively (p = 0.56) in the groups, and 69.7 % were females. The majority (96.1 %) of the caregivers declared that they had to provide their services between 6 and 7 days per week (88.5 % in RM group versus 100 % in HM group; p = 0.037). The costs related to care provided by the informal caregivers were 21.38 % lower in the RM group than in the HM group (p = 0.033). The PONIENTE study shows a significant impact of informal care on relatives and friends of patients with pacemakers in terms of their well-being and costs. NCT02234245.


  • cost of illness; disease burden; informal caregiving; pacemaker follow-up; remote monitoring; telemedicine; implantable cardioverter-defibrillators; remote follow-up; clinical management; crt-icd; trial; system; recipients; registry; devices; utility